Kh Shomurodov, T Rakhimova, B Adilov, N Beshko, F Karimov and F Polvonov.

Current state of vegetation of the dried bottom of the Aral Sea

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 629(2021) 012085.

doi:10.1088/1755-1315/629/1/012085

The rate of regression of the coastal line of Aral Sea has been revealed for the period from  1965  to  2019  with  5-year  intervals.  The  primary  communities  and  their  succession determined by the landform, lithology, depth and salinity  of groundwater have been   studied. According to the TSAVI index, the dried bottom of the Aral Sea is classified as follows: the water  surface,  swamps,  salt  marshes,  puffed  solonchaks,  areas  suitable  for  vegetation,  areas with  very  low,  low,  medium,  high  and  very  high  aboveground  biomass  territories.  The correlation  between  the  shrinking  of  the  sea  and the  formation  of  vegetation  with  very  low, low, medium and high biomass territories are revealed. A map of the vegetation of the western part of dried bottom of the Aral Sea has been created with 27 plant communities belonging to 4 types  of  vegetation.  Six  salt-tolerant  species  perspective  for the  fixation  of  shifting  sands  of dried  bottom  of  the  Aral  Sea  were  selected  from  the  native  flora.  A  high  tolerance  to  sand deflation was revealed in Salsola richterii and Calligonum caput-medusae.